Papa Joe’s Appliance Repair Service

Papa Joe's Appliance RepairSometimes our appliances seem to have a mind of their own. They seem to conk out at the most inopportune time, like when family comes over for the holidays. Of course, it is during these time is when your local appliance repair service is closed.

New appliances are expensive. There is no denying that. But maintaining our modern household appliances doesn’t have to be a chore. There are some simple steps you can take to keep things running smoothly.

But when one of your handy household helpers decides to take the day off, Papa Joe is here to help.

Papa Joe’s provides friendly, fast service at your convenience, competitive prices, and the assurance that the job will be done right. We use only the highest quality parts, all estimates given before we start the work, and our work is guaranteed.

Sometimes purchasing a new appliance is unavoidable when an older one has reached the end of its usefulness. But sadly, newer household devices today are not built like they used to be and it’s not uncommon when an appliance repaired by Papa Joe is better than when it was new.

So if one of your appliance breaks down, before you pile the kids in the car and head to the nearest home improvement store, give Papa Joe a call. With our multiple locations, we service communities in Oakland, Washtenaw, and Livingston counties.

*Same day and emergency service available. Call Us Now!

Call us today at (810) 360-2876 or click here for a location near you.

See what others are saying about Papa Joe’s Appliance Repair.

Linda MacKinnon

On time and gave me an honest assessment. I’d definitely use them again. Linda MacKinnon

Great advice

I originally called Papa Joe’s for a washing machine problem. John didn’t take long to tell me that my washer wasn’t worth the cost to repair it, even though telling me so lost him money. He told me what to purchase instead. We listened and our new Speed Queen is amazing. Recently I called him […]


I Called Papa Joe’s first thing in the morning with a leaking Samsung washing machine . I was extremely stressed because I was up all night mopping up water – the washing machine is located on the upper floor and leaked all the way down to the basement. I’ve never used Papa Joe’s before but […]

Steven Szura

I have been using Papa Joe’s to repair some items in the house under home warranty. After installing a new circuit board for a fridge, a water line broke when we were pushing the fridge back in. The water line plumbing was not part of the warranty call, but Papa Joe’s helped to make sure […]

Great Service

John, from Brighton, did a great job fixing my washing machine and dishwasher. He is very personable and easy to talk to. John is also very well informed about the products and has plenty of experience to understand problems easily. I will definitely call again! Laurie Haidler

Gregory Dean

They came out within an hour after we asked for a repair. When a problem recurred the following day, they came out immediately to correct it. Great company, and I would recommend them to anyone. Gregory Dean

Pat Egesburg

I had a problem with my washing machine not completing the rinse and spin cycle. I called around for quotes and found Papa Joe’s to be honest and fair. John came out the next day repairing the problem and now my washing machine works great. He took time to tell us what was wrong and […]

Cassie Raymor Cole

John did an awesome job and made the visit fun grin emoticon good job. Cassie Raymor Cole – Milford

Cynthia Sweier

We were told by another repair company that our oven was not repairable and the parts were no longer available. Luckily, we met John who definitely knew what he was doing, knew his products and gave us an option. Our oven is currently working and we couldn’t be more pleased with his service. Don’t hesitate […]

Lisa Georgoff

Very happy with the service that John provided. Would not hesitate to call him for any future needs. Lisa Georgoff – Ann Arbor

Washing machine repair

This gentleman came out the very same day I called him and did a great job! I was very happy to support a small business. I would definitely his Services again and highly recommend Papa Joe’s 4 NE appliance repairi😁😁😁 Tim Davis

Melanie Baker

John was great! He came out the same day we called, found out the problem, and made several suggestions (we needed a new dryer). We are new home owners and he was awesome giving us (free) advice around the house. Spent several minutes also looking at other appliances giving us cleaning suggestions and such and […]

Michael K

I had not used Papa Joe’s before, but I will 100% call them again. My washer stopped agitating. John got information from me over the phone, made time while in my area the next day, and got me up and running. He arrived when he said he would. And, the price was more than fair, […]

mary meier

John is prompt and knowledgeable and throughly backs his workmanship. Sandra is polite and caring answering our call. Plus he likes out dog. mary meier

Michael D

The ice maker replacement that John from Papa Joe’s was installed quickly, correctly and is running perfectly. Thank you, John. Michael D

Susan L

Great work ethic. They came out twice to fix my dishwasher and only charged me for one service call! They are focused on helping you FIX the problem and making things work. Very honest and reliable. Susan L

Mo P.

Very helpful, thorough, fair, and cared about service/client satisfaction. Answered all my questions and then some and made helpful recommendations. They came out the same day and stayed into the evening working on my repair. Mo P.

Marie Williams

My oven burned the top of a pie to a crisp. John was straight-forward and got right down to business as soon as he arrived. He gave me his honest advice that I was better off buying a new oven for $1000 instead of paying $700 to have it repaired. He explained what had gone […]

Great Service – Great Washer Repair

I will definitely call Papa Joe’s if I need an appliance repair in the future! My washing machine stopped agitating. John got information over the phone about my problem and my older machine, made time to look at it while in my area the next day, and quickly got my machine up and running again! […]

Thomas Mason

Very fast response time. Excellent work. Fair price. Could not ask for better service. Thomas Mason


I would like to thank John for all his help. I needed a gas stove installed and he came out the same day. He made sure that all my gas lines were installed correctly and had no leaks. He also did a free safety check of my other appliances and smoke detectors. That was unexpected […]

Beth H.

After searching SouthEast Michigan to find someone who would repair my French imported Morice stove/oven, I finally found John. He was up for the challenge and he worked long hours, did a ton of research and fixed the problems! John is an honest, professional, hard working man who showed great fortitude in getting the job […]

Derek Vaughan

Was able to diagnosed problem over the phone and saved me $$ on an unneeded trip to my house. Very helpful in recommending new washer as well. I would definitely use again and recommend. Derek Vaughan

Mike Miller

Very prompt and honest. He came prepared with parts and was in and out with a very polite manner Mike Miller


John from Papa Joe’s came out to fix our washing machine that was not completing the cycle. John came out and repaired the problem immediately. He was upfront and honest. Our washing machine works better now, than than when we first bought it. Patty

Krista Wilson

I called to have an appliances fixed and the staff was very friendly, helpful and knowledgeable. They fit us in the same day. I’m glad I found their number ! Krista Wilson

KMA White

Papa Joe’s is great he and his lovely wife came out today and assessed my problem my washers transmission is going so it will soon die he squeezed us in on a Saturday no less he was very quick and efficient He is a very nice and knowledgeable man he gave me the real deal […]

Arya Khoshnegah

5 Stars Arya Khoshnegah

Wonderful service

He was so kind and honest. So nice to come at 7 pm. He thought he could fix it but it turned out to be something that would cost more than it was worth. I will call him again if anything breaks again. I would tell anyone who needs repair to call him . He […]

Josh B

I called Papa Joe’s and spoke with John about our refrigerator. It is a bottom drawer freezer that had been leaking water on our kitchen floor. I told John I followed a YouTube video that was supposed to be a fix, but it only fixed the problem temporarily. After offering me the opportunity to come […]

Christine-Marie Liwag Dixon

Everyone I spoke to and interacted was incredibly nice and helpful. They were able to diagnose the problem over the phone, order a part, and repair it in less than a week. This is how all companies should be run! Christine-Marie Liwag Dixon

John S

We had a problem with our dryer on a Saturday around 4PM. John from Papa Joe’s Appliance Repair was already out on another job but was able to help out with our dryer issue at around 7PM. John was thorough and polite and provided excellent after hours service at a reasonable price. John S

Melissa C

Papa Joe’s has excellent customer service! John is incredibly helpful and came the same day to fix my washer that I called him. He also fixed my disposal (it was installed incorrectly by the builder) free of charge. I am incredibly impressed with his service and his willingness to go above and beyond. I will […]

Troy Thorsen

Dishwasher basically flooded my floor and within an hour PaPa Joe’s called me back and was at my house that night. Within 30 min he was able to find the issue but also found what caused the issue. John was by far the most professional technician I have ever dealt with and there was not […]

allison debiasi

We just love this company! John is so knowledgeable and makes you feel as though your friend is helping you out! His pricing is the best around! allison debiasi

Rachel Shotton

The world needs more people like this! Called for dishwasher repair which he fixed THE SAME DAY as I called. He also check my dryer vent and identified a safety hazard, not something he would fix so he wasn’t attempting to up sell but instead ensuring our safety. Also checked our fridge temp. Overall EXCEEDED […]


Our dryer needed repair – my son thinks it’s ok to use the dryer door as a step!! I can’t not say enough NICE things about this company!! They truly are an amazing BLESSING!! Fair and reasonable with price and food time frame to get repairs done!! I HIGHLY recommend and there weren’t enough stars!!! […]

Fantastic Service!

When my washing machine broke down I literally spent one half of an entire day looking for someone to repair it! I needed it repaired ASAP and everyone told me I could not get an appointment until the next week! I also had a lot of trouble finding repair people to come to our rural […]

Great service

I called first thing in the morning and John was out to my home in Saline my mid-afternoon. He was friendly and honest and advised that I’d be better off replacing than repairing. I will definitely be calling Papa Joe’s in Brighton for any of my future repair needs. Lori Stockwell


Called for a 20 year old oven that wasn’t heating properly. Very prompt and showed up on schedule. John was very helpful and upfront. The cost of the repair was high and due to the age of the appliance, he recommended purchasing a new appliance, due to safety concerns I would recommend this company for […]

Excellent Service

We had a problem with our dryer on a Saturday around 4PM. John from Papa Joe’s Appliance Repair was already out on another job but was able to help out with our dryer issue at around 7PM. John was thorough and polite and provided excellent after hours service at a reasonable price. William Keating

Brad Kremsreiter

Quick and attentive Brad Kremsreiter

John S

Thank you John at Papa Joe’s for coming out and repairing my fridge the same day. You saved me from having to buy a new one! Good price and upfront! I would highly recommend his service. John S

Lacey C

Papa Joes got us right in. With in 40 minutes. John is very friendly and knowledgeable. We have now used them twice and each time we have been very happy with his work. Lacey C.

Excellent service

My refrigerator stopped cooling. Called Papa Joes and response was quick. Good job and a very satisfied customer Carolyn Godwin

Linda Lockery

After waiting for another appliance repair business to reply for over 6 days, we were put in touch with Papa Joe’s. Within 3 hours we were contacted and repair was set up for one day later. We purchased a home in the Ann Arbor area and the refrigerator was leaking and there was a gas […]

Anne M

Great service! Very efficient and nice. Will recommend him to family, friends and neighbors. Will keep him in my contacts if I ever need him again. Anne M

This is a good contractor

Have called for service twice. Needed help with having our dryer hooked up in the house we purchased. Scheduled us for the very next day. When it turned out that it was a bigger issue than we had thought, he recommended another contractor to help with the duct work problem. They were as quick and […]

Rachel G

John’s super friendly and honest. He came out within a few hours to look at our washer that stopped working and found out it was the electrical instead. Offered a lot of helpful suggestions and very knowledgeable. Will call him again. Rachel G.

Justin Chamberlin

Our Samsung dryer started making a terrible noise, so I called Papa Joe’s. They came out within a couple of hours on New Year’s Eve a made the repair. The dryer is working well now. While he was here, he did a safety check of our gas line, fire extinguishers, CO2 detectors, etc. I had […]

Irma H

Great service! Very courteous and prompt. We couldn’t be happier with our Papa Joes Appliance Repair experience. Irma H

Nicole VanBuren Milton

Good, honest people that constantly give back to the community! Thank you Papa Joe’s! Nicole VanBuren Milton

Amazing service !!

Their service was so amazing I had to write a review. This is my first review ever but I had to because these guys are amazing! I have been looking for a part for my dry (heating Core or element) and I called and John answered and he had the part and came to the […]

Diane Schenkel

I’m very happy with the quick and friendly service that we received yesterday. My very old refrigerator is running like new. Thank you very much for taking great care of my vintage appliance. Diane Schenkel


Papa Joe’s was affordable and efficient!! Came out same week even though they were booked. Honest repair!! Thanks again NICOLE CRILLY

Outstanding Service

I’m extremely happy with the service John provided. Though unable to repair a lost-cause dishwasher I won’t hesitate to call him again. He was timely, knowledgeable, thorough and fair. I think he was prudent in his repair effort – trying a reasonable repair but not taking me down a road of throwing good money after […]

Gregory Forsyth

John came out, diagnosed the issue, and professionally recommend I do not repair the appliance. He could have easily made a few hundred bucks but then when this cheap unit broke again, I would have been frustrated. Honesty always deserves a positive review. Plus he had treats at the ready for my rescue dogs! Gregory […]

Perry Green

This is hands down the best repair man in the area. He’s fixed several appliances for us at a fair price! Perry Green

Awesome Service

Contacted Papa Joe’s Appliance Repair for an over the range microwave install. They had technician at my house within hours of calling. New microwave installed at a great price. Technician was super friendly and did an outstanding job. Will definitely have them back for tv install. Great prices and outstanding workmanship. Thanks again for the […]

Topher Smith

Have a problem with my washer making noise in spin cycle. John was able to visit the same day I called to schedule. Troubleshot the issue, and recommended that I do not put any more money into the dryer as the motor was going bad. Suggested I put the money towards a new washer. It […]

peggy mckenzie

Excellant service on my dryer. Had to come back the next day and did so promptly. Very friendly and gave great safety tips. Also hooked me up with a company who cleaned my vent to get blocked lint out. Very good work!! peggy mckenzie


Knowledgeable, Thorough, Trustworthy and a Nice Guy John has fixed a couple of appliances in my home. I couldn’t ask for anything more from a technician. Without hesitation, I would recommend him. Denise

Christi Jennings

Would highly recommend John from Papa Joe’s! Super friendly, fast and affordable!! Love local businesses!! Thanks John!! 🙂 Christi Jennings

Rachel C.

Papa Joe’s Rocks! I called last week when my front loading LG dryer wasn’t getting heat. He came out the same day! Reasonably priced! Thank you! Rachel C. Brighton, MI

Molly Borgeson

Papa joe is the best repairman I have ever hired. Fast courteous service with an honest assessment of your appliance. I highly recommend Molly Borgeson


My washing machine was flooding. I called and got same day service! Had to order parts, and came back 3 days later as promised. He was running a tad late, and called to let me know. John noticed a problem with my stove, and fixed it while he was there! Thanks Papa Joe’s! Judy

Marcy Miller

This was fantastic service! Prompt, polite and extremely efficient! I would recommend this company to anyone. He even anticipated the problem with our fridge and ordered parts beforehand. Marcy Miller

Daron L

We were very pleased with Papa Joe’s. There was no beading around the bush.He came in did the task he was called for. He left saying good bye. Simple and easy. Didn’t try sitting around for coffee afterwards like some. Daron L

Doug Selby

John the service tech made time to come over right away when our refrigerator became terminal. Although he said it was beyond saving and it ultimately died, I appreciated the diagnostic testing and candor about the status of our fridge. The other companies I called had a 5-day wait period, which would have been a […]

laverne adams

WOW! John was vry honest, knowledgeable and helpful and down right personal. Took his time to explain and teach. I can tell he loves what he does. Would recommend these guys a million times! Thanks John! laverne adams

Dennis S.

Called Papa Joe’s to repair my Whirlpool Front Load Washer that was 8 years old and he told me his service charge and what he could do. He was 100% upfront and even though it would cost me too much money to repair he gave his honest opinion. That is long overdue from a service […]

Chris M.

My situation has been more about consultation and advice with a problem washer/dryer unit we bought new about a year and a half ago. I have been through manufacturer warranty repairs, fighting through GEs customer service nightmare, other appliance repair companies that have got me no where and trying to diagnose/repair myself. I’ve learned a […]

melissa gougherty

I had Papa Joe’s come out to fix my dryer. I was very happy with my experience. It didn’t take him long and he saved me a lot of money. I definitely recommend him. melissa gougherty

Chuck D.

I called Papa Joe’s on May 12,2017 after checking out 4 different repair shops and read each ones reviews, I was impressed with Papa Joe’s so I called them and left a message and Sandra called me back within 10 minutes, I scheduled an appointment with them on Sat the 13th and John came out […]



Amy S

Professional and caring, John has now come out twice to service my appliances. He goes above and beyond to ensure that everything is in working order. He noticed that I didn’t have fire extinguishers and reminded me about the safety of having them in the right locations. After he left, I told myself that I […]

Mary Corder

Great guy! On time, honest and very fair. He went out of his way to help me out, 5 kids and no washing machine. Scary! He came in looked at my clothes washer and did not try to overcharge or take advantage. I would highly recommend this company. Mary Corder

Dave Brogan

I am very pleased with the quality of the work and the honesty that Joe provided to our family when our refrigerator broke last month. He came out and repaired the unit, but problems still existed. He made a return trip, after ordering a very expensive part for our fridge. He tested everything after installing […]

Judy B.

Very professional and knowledgeable. Found the problem with my washer in the matter of minutes. No over-charge or price gouging like you find with others. I called in the morning, and John was out that afternoon! HIGHLY RECOMMEND!!! Judy B.

Colleen Kennedy

John is a very friendly tech and really knows what hes doing . Had great service with a friendly attitude at a fair price. Ill be calling him again. Colleen Kennedy

Danielle Brehmer

Loved the honesty and integrity of this business. It would have cost me more to fix my washer than to buy a new one. John was very upfront with me about that, but offered me great options to get a new and even some tips on home safety. Great job! Danielle Brehmer

Alex Nash

John puts a customer’s safety first. When I first contacted him indicating I smelled gas from my GE range he told me to immediately shut off the gas and call him back. I knew better but I understood completely why he said this. He was able to come out that day and determine that my […]


Papa Joe’s came out to fix our dryer and we thought it was going to have to be replaced. NOPE! He was at our house for over 3 hours, tore the entire dryer apart and repaired it to be as good as new and it wasn’t a fortune. Plan to only use this company in […]

Kurt J

Had a problem with our refrigerator not cooling on Friday and John showed up within a couple hours of my call. He diagnosed the problem, gave us a price and ordered the part. Very friendly person and thoroughly explained his money back guarantee if the problem was not fixed. The part arrived and he ended […]

Michael Duran

When Best Buy installers said they couldn’t do it because my gas line came out through the floor Papa Joe’s came out and installed the next day. They would have come that night if I had wanted them to. They also did not use any other pieces than were supplied to the Best Buy guys […]

Joe is The Man

I had Joe out today, after making the appointment yesterday, to look at my washer. He was extremely helpful and honest, and gave me some tips to keep things working properly. I would not hesitate to recommend him to friends and family! I have his number on my refrigerator now, and he’ll be my “go […]

Michelle D.

John came out and knew right what to do to fix our oven. We had several different issues with our oven and John persisted and was able to fix them all. He was friendly and knowledgable and fixed it quickly. Thanks Papa Joe’s! Michelle D.

Bail us out

Cracked water system housing in frig leaking. Service on a Sunday to help Bail us out. Friendly service and advice. Thanks –MDW Walsh’s

Juanita Brown

Great worker, honest,and hardworking very fast . Fair pricing 🙂 Juanita Brown

Steven Finlayson

We had a great experience with Papa Joe’s, the service was friendly and super helpful. John fixed our dryer promptly, and the safety inspection was eye-opening. John is clearly very knowledgeable! We will definitely call Papa Joe’s for any further repairs we need and will recommend them to friends and family! Do yourself a favor […]

Lyndsey J.

We were having issues with our freezer leaking. John got out there pretty quickly. He’s very friendly and honest. He wants to get the job done correctly. The problem wasn’t fixed after the first attempt, but he ordered parts and came back until it was 100% fixed…and didn’t charge for the return trips or parts. […]

Brady Carothers

Papa Joe’s Rocks! I called last week when my front loading LG dryer wasn’t getting heat. He came out the same day! Reasonably priced! Thank you! Brady Carothers

Jim Goss

My dryer wasn’t heating. I called on a Saturday and John made it over in 45 minutes because he was in the area. He made it a point to explain to me how my dyer worked and showed me where I had some dust build up that could cause a fire, as first time home […]

Justin Reash

I had a great experience with Papa Joe’s and John. He came out, quickly diagnosed the problem and advised me on the next steps. The best part of his service was that he treated me as human, not a customer. He refused to repair my 19-year old oven as he knew it wasn’t the safest […]

AMPM Fitness

Incredibly knowledgeable and efficient. Above all, they genuinely care about their customers which is rare in appliance repair. Couldn’t recommend higher!!! AMPM Fitness

TC Neilson

I had a problem with my kitchen stove. I called Papa Joe’s and he came out right away. He was friendly and obviously knew what he was doing. He fixed the problem in no time. I would highly recommend Papa Joe’s to anyone. I will definitely use this service again. TC Neilson

Ray N.

Great service with fast results! Great job Papa Joe’s! Thank you! Ray N.

Kristen C.

I called Papa Joe’s on May 15th, 2017 after I read their reviews online. I received a call back and was scheduled the same evening an appointment. He was on time, and very knowledgeable regarding our washer. Its unfortunate that fixing our washing machine was more than its worth but I was happy that he […]

Dawn Elzey

My fridge warmed up. I called Papa Joe’s at 10:30 on Friday morning, and it was all fixed with a new fan by 3:00, saving me hundreds of dollars! Plus, John matched my donation to my favorite charity. I only wish I had known about this company when my dryer went on the fritz. I […]

Exceeded My Expectations!

Papa Joe exceeded my expectations! They were able to come out the same day and identify that the issue with my washing machine (10 yrs old) was a loose connection to the motor. I called Papa Joe’s because of my prior experience and their honesty along with looking at my other appliances to identify other […]

Kyle Ebner

Honest, quick service. Very helpful, Thank you! Kyle Ebner

Candace K.

Great Service and very pleasant personnel . I would recommend this Company and it services to anyone needing Appliance repair! Candace K.

Karen Psiakis

Great job. Called Monday and Sandra expertly handled my call. Came out today totally prepared and fixed my refrigerator with no problems. Wonderful and personable service. Would highly recommend. Thank you. Karen Psiakis

Laura F

John serviced our dishwasher the same day I called him. He was courteous, professional, and very knowledgable. He definitely goes the extra mile and genuinely cares about the customer’s satisfaction. I highly recommend Papa Joe’s! Laura F

Steve M

I don’t usually write reviews, but this guy deserves it.  My drier was not drying. John came over and identified the problem which happens to be clogged drier vent. He also took  time to advice me about different issues I had around my house. I would highly recommend this guy. He knows what he’s doing, […]

Hilary Stewart

They came out right away after we asked for a repair. When a problem recurred the again, they came out immediately to correct it. Great company, and I would recommend them to anyone. Hilary Stewart

Pamela H.

Revised: I had a problem with my oven.  I called Papa Joe’s and he came out promptly. He was knowledgeable and friendly.  He fixed the problem in no time. I would highly recommend Papa Joe’s to anyone. I would definitely use this service again. I recently had Papa Joes over to repair my refrigerator. The […]

Sara Gonzalez Brintnall

Excellent service and honest advice. I highly recommend Papa Joe’s! Sara Gonzalez Brintnall

frank baker

We needed our dryer repaired and called Papa Joe’s. John was our repairman and he was timely and professional. Parts needed to be ordered and we were contacted as soon as the parts came in and the following appointment made. John arrived early and started before I got there. We are happy with their service […]

Chris Banks

Had Papa Joe save my microwave,hinge on door broke and was sagging,they were able to make repair and now we will get more use of are 10yr old microwave. Very happy with the service and the manner that they conducted themselves. Straight foreword I like that,would recommend them for sure. Chris Banks

Marv Bryant

What a breath of fresh air it is to find an honest repair person for any item that is in need of repair. Papa Joe is one the most knowledgeable repair persons that I have ever had met. I had the privilege of meeting him today for the first time. I know him personal but […]

Victoria Chevoor

Great service starting with customer service rep who answered the phone, she was professional. The gentlemen who arrived at my home were on time and also very professional. They fixed my washing machine in a very timely fashion and helped with other appliance issues even though I had only scheduled them to fix my washer. […]

Nora Milton Dabrowski

I saw a post about Papa Joe’s on the Brighton Mom to Mom page about an LG dishwasher a few weeks ago and I saved a screen shot of the post. (Maybe a premonition?) Our LG Dishwasher went on the fritz about a week later. John was straightforward in advising us of repair and replace […]

Steve Szura

I’ve had Papa Joe’s come out twice now – once for a microwave and once for a fridge. Very prompt and shows up when scheduled. Very friendly and offers great home safety tips on top of repairs. Does a great job trouble shooting to get to the root of a problem for a lasting repair […]

Ken Bagdon

went above and beyond what I needed done, converted my dryer & installed it & my washer too, by himself, good price too. Thank you. Ken Bagdon

Jeffrey S.

Super service, super quick. Refrigerator died the morning of a big family gathering loaded with food. Called at 8am Saturday morning, arrived 1/2 hour later and up and running 1/2 hour after that. Thank you for your helpful advice. Jeffrey S.